Bellini, Gentile

(active c. 1460-1507)
   Venetian painter; the son of Jacopo and brother of Giovanni Bellini. Gentile catered mainly to the scuole (confraternities) of Venice, though he is also known to have obtained governmental commissions, including a cycle in the Doge's Palace, destroyed by fire in 1577. His major extant works are the paintings he created for the Scuola di San Giovanni Evangelista to be hung in their meeting hall. Of these, the Procession of the Relic of the True Cross (1496; Venice, Galleria dell' Accademia) is a journalistic scene that records a specific procession in 1444 when the relic cured an ill man, proving the relic's validity. The work is invaluable not only for its artistic merits but also historically because it reveals the appearance of the façade of the Basilica of St. Mark as it looked in the late 15th century. Gentile included the now-destroyed St. Peter by Paolo Uccello on the basilica's left pinnacle. The Miracle of the Cross at the Bridge of San Lorenzo (1500; Venice, Galleria dell' Accademia), also painted by Gentile for the Scuola di San Giovanni, shows another miraculous event where the relic fell into the water and eluded all who tried to rescue it except Andrea Vendramin, the head of the confraternity. In 1479, the Venetian State sent Gentile to Constantinople, then under Turkish rule, to work for Sultan Mahomet II. Few works from his stay in the Turkish court have survived, mainly some portraits, including that of the sultan (1480) in the London National Gallery. His decorations for the imperial harem in Topkapi are also lost. Within a year, Gentile was back in Venice. He left, supposedly, because he feared for his life. The sultan had disapproved of a painting Gentile had shown him of the decollation of St. John the Baptist. He called in two slaves and ordered one of them to chop off the other's head. Then he exclaimed, "This is how a freshly severed head should look."

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bellini, Gentile — ▪ Italian painter born c. 1429, Venice [Italy] buried Feb. 23, 1507, Venice    Italian painter, member of the founding family of the Venetian school of Renaissance painting, best known for his portraiture and his scenes of Venice.       Gentile… …   Universalium

  • BELLINI, GENTILE —    the son of Jacopo Bellini, was distinguished as a portrait painter; decorated along with his brother the council chamber of the ducal palace; his finest picture the Preaching of St. Mark (1421 1508) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Bellini, Gentile — ► (1429 1507) Pintor italiano. En 1479 se trasladó a Constantinopla, donde recibió influencias orientales. Destacan La predicación de san Marcos en Alejandría y Milagro de la Santa Cruz …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BELLINI (LES) — Sous le nom de Bellini, on range trois peintres vénitiens: le père et les deux fils. À ces trois peintres, on doit rattacher Andrea Mantegna qui travailla avec eux et épousa la jeune Bellini. Véritable affaire de famille, puisque sous ces liens… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bellini — Bellini, Gentile Bellini, Giovanni Bellini, Jacopo Bellini, Lorenzo Bellini, Vincenzo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gentile (surname) — Gentile is an Italian surname and given name. As an Italian surname or given name, it may refer to:urname* Anthony J. Gentile * Claudio Gentile * Dominic Salvatore Gentile (1920 1951), US American Air Force officer * Edera Gentile * Emilio… …   Wikipedia

  • Bellini, Giovanni — ▪ Italian painter born c. 1430, Venice [Italy] died 1516, Venice  Italian painter who, in his work, reflects the increasing interest of the Venetian artistic milieu in the stylistic innovations and concerns of the Renaissance. Although the… …   Universalium

  • Gentile Bellini — Autorretrato de Gentile Bellini Retrato del sult …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gentile Bellini — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bellini. Autoportrait …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gentile Bellini — (c. 1429 ndash; February 23, 1507) was an Italian painter. Born in Venice, the son of the painter Jacopo Bellini, he was christened Gentile after Jacopo s master, Gentile da Fabriano. [ [http://www.boglewood.com Italian Culture and History ] ]… …   Wikipedia

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